Book Chpt. #8 -Mainstreaming African Cultural Resources: Heritage and Development

Figure 8.2_Traditional method of hide processing






ABSTRACT:        The chapters of this book have repeatedly demonstrated that management of cultural resources in Africa entails topics of environment, stakeholders,

management conventions, politics of the past in the present, community-based conservation, sustainable interpretation, standard setting and heritage enterprising. As
expected, such broad coverage commands multiple sectors and stakeholders in which cultural components should be integrated. Even though sectors and stakeholders
are endless, a theme of sustainability on which this volume is anchored on highlights the following sectors as core: local indigenous knowledge systems, youth-elder partnerships, technical education, modern land use planning, international conservation policies, standard setting mechanisms, social equity, tourism museums, funding and health and safety issues, amongst others that will result from the evolution of cultural resources use.

Although culture, cultural resources and at times cultural heritage can be found
in abundance within society, at societal level it is rarely conceived as a commodity
that can be managed in a formal manner characteristic of international conventions
and national policies, let alone within a systematic sustainable development framework.
It is up to cultural heritage experts and governments to facilitate cultural heritage
to feature strongly in development agendas.
In modern resources management, there are initiatives that societies can use to
translate cultural assets in their possession into development.  pg 185

KEYWORDS:  Adapt vs. adopt • Sustainable communities • Local indigenous knowledge
• Youth-elder • TVET • Land use planning • Social equity • Tourism museums
• Funding • Health and safety

Keitumetse forthcoming 2016_ISBN978-3-319-32015-1
Mainstreaming African Cultural Resources: Heritage and Development
Book Title
African Cultural Heritage Conservation and Management
Book Subtitle
Theory and Practice from Southern Africa
pp 181-202
Print ISBN
Online ISBN
Springer International Publishing
Additional Links


Dr Susan O. Keitumetse competed for and won two separate Commonwealth scholarships both to University of Cambridge, UK , where she pursued MPhil (Archaeological Heritage Management and Museums) and later on PhD (African cultural heritage and Sustainable Development). Before she had obtained a BA degree (Archaeology and Environmental Sciences) and Post Graduate Diploma in Education (Geography and History) from the University of Botswana. During her post-graduate studies, she combined both environmental science and archaeology disciplines to venture into the broader cultural and heritage management studies with a particular focus on sustainable development and cultural heritage management at the department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge. With a view to catalyze a linkage between environment and cultural heritage in Africa, Dr Keitumetse conducted various researches and published works that illustrate the relevance of cultural and heritage resources for the broader environmental conservation. She works at the University of Botswana’s Okavango Research Institute as a researcher in cultural heritage and tourism where she undertakes applied research in areas such as the Okavango inland Delta World Heritage Site and Kalahari areas. Of particular note is her developing conservation model of Community-Based Cultural Heritage Resources Management (COBACHREM) to guide local communities and practitioners’ initiatives towards sustainable use of cultural heritage resources for social development. Dr Keitumetse is an associate editor of the journal Environment, Development, and Sustainability published by Springer. She also sits in the editorial board of the international journal of community archaeology and heritage, published by Taylor and Francis, as well as the International Journal of Heritage and Sustainable Development published by Green Lines Institute, Portugal. Dr Keitumetse has both national and international experience from across the world. She has won academic grants for research fellowships in international institutions that include; the Rockefeller Fellowship at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA; the Watson Scholar Fellowship at Brown University in Rhode Island, USA and the Wenner-Gren Foundation research grant for research on ‘historical archaeology of marginal landscapes of eastern Botswana’. Outside academia and in international development Dr Keitumetse has worked and continues to work with institutions such as UNESCO as an expert advisor, examiner, facilitator, and consultant within the intangible cultural heritage section. She has corporate governance experience from African government parastatal institution dealing with environment, heritage, tourism and land use planning. These are derived from her tenure as a board director of Botswana Tourism Organisation for six years, where she also chaired a quality assurance committee of the board dealing with grading and certifying tourism accommodation. Her overall research interests are in the areas of sustainable development and cultural heritage conservation; historical archaeology; community heritage management; communal cultural identities; heritage tourism; heritage and protected areas; international management of cultural heritage; amongst others. Dr Susan Keitumetse has published extensively in the field of cultural heritage conservation and management in Africa, Her works comprise of peer-reviewed articles in international journals; peer-reviewed book chapters; refereed conference proceedings; and technical reports in international periodicals, magazines and newspapers. These can be accessed through search engines such as Google Scholar and LinkedIn. *********************************************************************************************
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