Abstract chpt#3: This chapter illustrates the socio-political nuances that often characterize communal identity and affi liation in African localities and are likely to affect sustainable conservation and management of community heritage. The case study illuminates on the fluidity of community identity, and how the seemingly basic ethnic community set up more often hosts and represents historical deposits of internal cultural production that have a bearing on cultural identity consumption in the present.To illustrate on the various factors that contribute to the evolution of communal cultural identities, the chapter uses a case study of Shoshong village communities of Baphaleng and Bakaa in Botswana, who are challenging traditional governance (chieftaincy) assertions that threaten their communal cultural identity in the village.
Because ‘…autochthonous ethnicities are always embedded in specifi c historical, political and cultural contexts, in which the institutional arrangements of “the state” fi gure prominently’ (Zenker 2011 : 74), the sections below outline the settlement and contact histories of Baphaleng, Bakaa and Bangwato to place the discussions on contested communal heritage identity into context. – pg 71
Keywords: Politics of belonging • Settlement histories • Dormant identities •Evolving identities • Indigeneity • Autochthony • Baphaleng • Bakaa
• Chieftaincy • Shoshong village • Stakeholders • central Botswana