Cultural and heritage resources management strategies of various countries are influenced by both national and international doctrines.
Most African national legislations on cultural heritage follow international convention models which in the field of cultural heritage management are provided by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). These conventions have become a source of reference social, economic and philosophical approaches to cultural heritage management in several African countries. Outside UNESCO, there are other conventions that are relevant to this cause and deserve to be brought on board in a significant manner. This chapter identifies, outlines and analyses international conventions’ past, present and future contribution to the evolution of cultural and heritage resources conservation and management in Africa.
Keywords: International conventions • National identities • People-based conventions
• Knowledge-based conventions • Protected areas • World heritage • UNESCO
• ILO • WIPO • UNEVOC