Book Chapter#2: International Conventions as Frameworks of Conservation and Identity for African heritage

Abstract, chpt#2

Cultural and heritage resources management strategies of various countries are influenced by both national and international doctrines.

Most African national legislations on cultural heritage follow international convention models which in the field of cultural heritage management are provided by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). These conventions have become a source of reference social, economic and philosophical approaches to cultural heritage management in several African countries. Outside UNESCO, there are other conventions that are relevant to this cause and deserve to be brought on board in a significant manner. This chapter identifies, outlines and analyses international conventions’ past, present and future contribution to the evolution of cultural and heritage resources conservation and management in Africa.

Keywords: International conventions • National identities • People-based conventions
• Knowledge-based conventions • Protected areas • World heritage • UNESCO

About this chapter:

Title: International Conventions as Frameworks of Management and Identity for African Cultural Heritage
Author:Susan Osireditse Keitumetse
Sequence number2
Chapter number: Chapter 2

Further Reading (Bibliography)…



Dr Susan O. Keitumetse competed for and won two separate Commonwealth scholarships both to University of Cambridge, UK , where she pursued MPhil (Archaeological Heritage Management and Museums) and later on PhD (African cultural heritage and Sustainable Development). Before she had obtained a BA degree (Archaeology and Environmental Sciences) and Post Graduate Diploma in Education (Geography and History) from the University of Botswana. During her post-graduate studies, she combined both environmental science and archaeology disciplines to venture into the broader cultural and heritage management studies with a particular focus on sustainable development and cultural heritage management at the department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge. With a view to catalyze a linkage between environment and cultural heritage in Africa, Dr Keitumetse conducted various researches and published works that illustrate the relevance of cultural and heritage resources for the broader environmental conservation. She works at the University of Botswana’s Okavango Research Institute as a researcher in cultural heritage and tourism where she undertakes applied research in areas such as the Okavango inland Delta World Heritage Site and Kalahari areas. Of particular note is her developing conservation model of Community-Based Cultural Heritage Resources Management (COBACHREM) to guide local communities and practitioners’ initiatives towards sustainable use of cultural heritage resources for social development. Dr Keitumetse is an associate editor of the journal Environment, Development, and Sustainability published by Springer. She also sits in the editorial board of the international journal of community archaeology and heritage, published by Taylor and Francis, as well as the International Journal of Heritage and Sustainable Development published by Green Lines Institute, Portugal. Dr Keitumetse has both national and international experience from across the world. She has won academic grants for research fellowships in international institutions that include; the Rockefeller Fellowship at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA; the Watson Scholar Fellowship at Brown University in Rhode Island, USA and the Wenner-Gren Foundation research grant for research on ‘historical archaeology of marginal landscapes of eastern Botswana’. Outside academia and in international development Dr Keitumetse has worked and continues to work with institutions such as UNESCO as an expert advisor, examiner, facilitator, and consultant within the intangible cultural heritage section. She has corporate governance experience from African government parastatal institution dealing with environment, heritage, tourism and land use planning. These are derived from her tenure as a board director of Botswana Tourism Organisation for six years, where she also chaired a quality assurance committee of the board dealing with grading and certifying tourism accommodation. Her overall research interests are in the areas of sustainable development and cultural heritage conservation; historical archaeology; community heritage management; communal cultural identities; heritage tourism; heritage and protected areas; international management of cultural heritage; amongst others. Dr Susan Keitumetse has published extensively in the field of cultural heritage conservation and management in Africa, Her works comprise of peer-reviewed articles in international journals; peer-reviewed book chapters; refereed conference proceedings; and technical reports in international periodicals, magazines and newspapers. These can be accessed through search engines such as Google Scholar and LinkedIn. *********************************************************************************************

2 Responses to Book Chapter#2: International Conventions as Frameworks of Conservation and Identity for African heritage

  1. Pingback: AFRICAN HERITAGE DAY: REFLECTIONS TOWARDS THE FUTURE | Heritage Conservation & Management 4 Africa

  2. “…international conventions (Box 2.1 – 2.9 ) are ratifi ed by African states as
    a form of international political cooperation that symbolises and mobilises their
    participation in heritage management. The ideals of ratifi ed conventions are in turn
    infused into the various structures of each country’s civil services, in academia and
    within civic institutions such as non-governmental organisations (NGOs). These
    structures in turn take the ideals to the general population as policy initiatives.” -pg 24


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