26th April was World Intellectual Property Day (http://www.wipo.int/ip-outreach/en/ipday/). This day reflects on the use of various forms of creative media as well as on how those uses are monitored for the benefit of those that create them.
In cultural heritage resources use, the issue of intellectual property is largely biased towards creative arts. But what about intellectual property rights in other cultural categories such as landscapes, sites, monuments, communities, ethnic settlements, amongst others? Without neglecting individual creative intellectual property, it is about time that all areas of cultural heritage are considered and addressed so as to allow for a broader coverage of ‘properties’ emerging in the process of conserving and managing cultural heritage resources in their entirety.
This is even more relevant for Africa. WHY? Chapter 2 of the book on African cultural heritage conservation and management discusses this need. The book has chapters and sections that discuss issues relating to intellectual property in vultural spheres. The following are some of the key areas that practitioners and scholars should engage in to build interest in this topic:
- The need to collate knowledge-based conventions vs resources-based conventions. Most of the conventions associated with cultural heritage management are those of UNESCO that do not specifically concern themselves with the management of intellectual property relating to all forms of cultural heritage resources.
- communal knowledge session vs individual creative knowledge patenting and copyrighting? To avoid monopoly of intellectual property by the knowing few, communal intellectual property trademarks and copyrights along the models of Community-Based Cultural Heritage resources Management (COBACHREM) need to be considered. This is outlined in the book’s chapter 4. The evolution towards collective community should be applied across board to address issues of intellectual proerty in cultural heritage management.
READ MORE AT: http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319320151
GLOBAL CASE STUDIES RELATED TO THE TOPIC: http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-22617001 – Brand Maasai: Why nomads might trademark their name